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Facts about Anxiety

Anxiety is a term for several disorders that result into nervousness, fear, apprehension, and worrying. While people normally worry or fear when there is an approaching exam or interview, but when these manifestations result into sleeplessness or causing a malfunction in the body or a reaction that is out of proportion, these manifestations have formed into anxiety. Anxiety can be classified into mild anxiety, which is vague and unsettling, and severe anxiety creates a serious impact on our daily life.

Anxiety can be classified into specific disorders, which produce its own peculiar symptoms: Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Panic Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD, and Separation Anxiety Disorder.

GAD – Excessive Anxiety

Generalized Anxiety Disorder is characterized by a prolonged anxiety and worry about everything on life events, objects, circumstances. Sufferers of GAD are always anxious of their health, money, family, work, etc, they have an unrealistic fear of anything, and they have trouble identifying what that fear is and trouble controlling worries.

Panic Disorder

When symptoms, like shaking, confusion, dizziness, nausea, and difficulty in breathing are manifested, these are results of a form of anxiety called panic disorder.

Social Anxiety Disorder

Social Anxiety Disorder is characterized by a fear of being judged by people or embarrassed by the public, such that it can manifest in the following: stage fright, fear of intimacy, and a fear of humiliation.

OCD – Unreasonable Compulsions

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder which is characterized by thoughts or actions that are repetitive, distressing, and intrusive. OCD sufferers are obsessive and meticulous on cleaning their hands or on their personal items and are constantly checking, locks, stoves, light switches.

Separation Disorder

When this high anxiety disorder is characterized by being separated from a person or a place which provides security or safety, this form of disorder is referred to as Separation Anxiety Disorder.

Causes of anxiety disorders may be derived from environmental factors, medical factors, genetics, brain chemistry, substance abuse, or a combination of these. The main culprit, which has triggered these disorders are the various stresses that we have experienced in our lives.

Environmental factors may cause excessive anxiety and they are: trauma from events, abuse, victimization, death of a loved one, stress in a personal relationship, marriage, friendship, divorce, stress at work, stress from school, stress from finances and money, lack of oxygen in high altitude areas.

Anxiety can also be felt in medical conditions, such as anemia, asthma, infections and heart conditions. Medically-related causes of anxiety may include stress from a serious mental illness, side effects of medication, and lack of oxygen from emphysema or pulmonary embolism.

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